This guide describes the recommended way to install Graylog on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS and 22.04. All links and packages are present at the time of writing.

Warning: This guide does not cover security settings! The server administrator must make sure the Graylog server is not publicly exposed and is following security best practices.


Hint: This guide assumes that any firewall is disabled and traffic can flow across all necessary ports.

Graylog 5.0 requires the following to maintain compatibility with its software dependencies: 

  • OpenJDK 17 (This is embedded in Graylog 5.0 and does not need to be separately installed.)
  • OpenSearch 1.x, 2.x or Elasticsearch 7.10.2
  • MongoDB 5.x or 6.x

Server Timezone

To set a specific time zone on the Graylog server, you can use the following command. (For more information on setting a time zone, we recommend this blog post.)

sudo timedatectl set-timezone UTC


Graylog 5.0 is compatible with MongoDB 5.x-6.x.

To install MongoDB on Ubuntu, the official MongoDB documentation provides a helpful tutorial.

MongoDB recommends you disable Transparent Huge Pages Disable Transparent Huge Pages (THP)

1. First select your version of Ubuntu and begin the installation sequence: 

2. You can use a keyserver approach via a widget if you wish to incorporate proxies and other non-free environments. For example:

wget -qO- '' | sudo apt-key add -

3. Enable MongoDB during the operating system’s start up and verify it is running:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable mongod.service
sudo systemctl restart mongod.service
sudo systemctl --type=service --state=active | grep mongod

Hint: For the following sections on OpenSearch and Elasticsearch, select which data node you will be using for your Graylog instance and complete only the requisite section.


If you are using OpenSearch as your data node, then follow the steps below to install OpenSearch 2.5.0.

The recommended method of installation is to follow the user documentation provided by the OpenSearch service. To set up the OpenSearch service with your Graylog instance, follow the steps below:

The following example will demonstrate installing OpenSearch using the DEB package.

1. Import the public GPG key. This key is used to verify that the APT repository is signed.

curl -o- | sudo apt-key add -

2. Create an APT repository for OpenSearch:

echo "deb stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/opensearch-2.x.list

3. Verify that the repository was created successfully.

sudo apt-get update

4. With the repository information added, list all available versions of OpenSearch:

sudo apt list -a opensearch

5. Choose the version of OpenSearch you want to install. (Unless otherwise indicated, the latest available version of OpenSearch is installed.)

sudo apt-get install opensearch

To install a specific version of OpenSearch, specify the version manually using opensearch=<version>.

sudo apt-get install opensearch=2.5.0

Graylog Configuration for OpenSearch

1. Begin by opening the yml file:

sudo nano /etc/opensearch/opensearch.yml

2. Update the following fields for a minimum unsecured running state (single node):

Copy graylog ${HOSTNAME} /var/lib/opensearch
path.logs: /var/log/opensearch
discovery.type: single-node
action.auto_create_index: false true

To create multi-node Opensearch clusters, see -

3. Enable JVM options:

sudo nano /etc/opensearch/jvm.options

4. Now, update the Xms & Xmx settings with half of the installed system memory


5. Configure the kernel parameters at runtime:

sudo sysctl -w vm.max_map_count=262144
sudo echo 'vm.max_map_count=262144' >> /etc/sysctl.conf

6. Finally, enable the system service:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable opensearch.service
sudo systemctl start opensearch.service
sudo systemctl status opensearch.service


Elasticsearch 7.10.2 is the only version that is compatible with Graylog 5.0; however, we recommend OpenSearch for new Graylog cluster installations.

1. The following commands will begin the installation of the open-source version of Elasticsearch. See the Elasticsearch install page for more detailed instructions.

wget -q -O myKey
sudo apt-key add myKey
echo "deb stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elastic-7.x.list
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install elasticsearch-oss

2. Modify the Elasticsearch configuration file (/etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml), set the cluster name to graylog, and uncomment action.auto_create_index: false to enable the action:

sudo tee -a /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml > /dev/null <<EOT graylog
action.auto_create_index: false

3. After you have modified the configuration, you can start Elasticsearch and verify it is running.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable elasticsearch.service
sudo systemctl restart elasticsearch.service
sudo systemctl --type=service --state=active | grep elasticsearch


Install the Graylog Open repository configuration and Graylog itself with the following commands:

sudo dpkg -i graylog-5.0-repository_latest.deb
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install graylog-server 

If you are installing Graylog Operations, then you will use the following commands:

sudo dpkg -i graylog-5.0-repository_latest.deb
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install graylog-enterprise

Edit the Configuration File

Read the instructions within the configurations file and edit as needed, located at /etc/graylog/server/server.conf. Additionally add password_secret and root_password_sha2 as these are mandatory and Graylog will not start without them.

1. To create your root_password_sha2, run the following command:

echo -n "Enter Password: " && head -1 </dev/stdin | tr -d '\n' | sha256sum | cut -d" " -f1

2. You will then need to use the following command to create your password_secret

< /dev/urandom tr -dc A-Z-a-z-0-9 | head -c${1:-96};echo;

3. To be able to connect to Graylog, set http_bind_address to the public host name or a public IP address of the machine with which you can connect. More information about these settings can be found in Configuring the web interface.

Hint: If you’re operating a single-node setup and would like to use HTTPS for the Graylog web interface and the Graylog REST API, it’s possible to use NGINX or Apache as a reverse proxy.

4. The last step is to enable Graylog during the operating system’s startup:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable graylog-server.service
sudo systemctl start graylog-server.service
sudo systemctl --type=service --state=active | grep graylog

Now you can ingest messages into your new Graylog Cluster and extract the messages with extractors or use pipelines to work with the messages.

Cluster Setup

If you plan to have multiple servers assuming different roles in your cluster like we have in this big production setup you need to modify only a few settings. This is covered in our multi-node setup guide. The default file location guide lists the locations of the files you need to modify.